Archive for ‘Exhibition’

It’s pARTy time!

Sunday, September 18th, 2016

Join us at Anne and Mark’s Art Party & Opening Night Gala on September 24th. There will be 300+ exhibiting artists, live music, dance, spoken word, fire arts, fashion shows and food trucks. This event is at the Santa Clara County Fairgrounds in San José, California. Get your tickets in advance at:

Kent will exhibit new works from three print series: Conditions narrate states of being and coping strategies. Nests is a series of one-of-a-kind experimental prints. Cells explores imaginary living organisms and microbiome.

Nanette will exhibit four images from On Longing, a series of 50 unique monoprints completed this last summer. Each print is a mandala which contemplates and celebrates the natural world. The series takes its name from Susan Stewart’s book: On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection. The Art Party is discussed in the Mercury News, where Nan’s work is also featured.

Photo of the studio while the On Longing series was still in-progress, Spring 2016.

Photo of the studio while the On Longing series was still in-progress, Spring 2016.

Meaning Maker is 10!
Of course, we are trying to make sense of the upcoming November election. Thus we have created a new and improved version of Meaning Maker U.S. Presidential Elections Edition. Download your free copy at the Meaning Maker website, and distribute as you will.

Meaning Maker LogoIn the San Francisco Bay Area, U.S. Presidential Elections Edition was on exhibit and take away in Vote your Subconscious at Works/San José and will be exhibiting in: POLITICS (NOT) AS USUAL at Branner Spangenberg Gallery:
275A Linden Street in Redwood City from Oct 7 – Nov 13, 2016.
Opening Reception: Friday, Oct 7, 2016, 5:30 – 7:30pm.

This Summer we hand-delivered Art Viewing Experience Edition and U.S. Presidential Elections Edition to two significant events in Europe: The 9th Berlin Biennale for Contemporary Art in Berlin, Germany; and the opening of the Tate Modern Switch House in London. Other European museum and gallery locations which experienced bursts of Meaning Makers include: Brussels, Paris, Dresden and Prague.

Don Drake and Kate Jordahl invited Kent to write the afterword for Kate’s True North Editionsone poem book, no. 6, featuring Don’s poem, End. The book launch for one poem books no. 5 and no. 6 will be at Don Drake’s Studio, Dreaming Mind, on Saturday, October 8th from 2 – 4 pm. There will be readings! 5664 Sun Ridge Court in Castro Valley, CA.

Kent is also showing in Al-Mutanabbi Street Starts Here: In Defense of Culture at the San Francisco Main Library, Skylight Gallery, 100 Larkin Street, from September 17 – January 1, 2017.

The Future, an artists’ book collaboration between Nanette and Nora Raggio, will be showing the month of October in Words|Matter, Chicago.

Nanette’s Storyland v2 was invited for exhibition in Shapeshifting Texts, International Conference on Digital Media and Textuality in Bremen, Germany. Her print, Propagare, was exhibited at the Graphic Arts Workshop, Scuola Internaziale di Grafica in Venice, Italy; and she received a juror’s award for her needle felted book, Between Us Two, at The Art of the Book, Sebastopol Center for Art in Sebastopol, California.

Our collaborative photo book, CSI: Las Vegas, was included in 23 Sandy Gallery’s summertime Wanderlust exhibition and subsequently acquired by UCLA’s Fine Arts Library.

On another note, we’ve decided to take an extended leave from facebook. We still want to hear about your Art Adventures, however. Our individual emails are the best way to let us know what you are doing. We continue to engage with instagram: @kent.manske @nanwylde

Breezy Spring Pollination

Sunday, April 24th, 2016

The busy spring bees have us both showing books and prints in a handful of exhibitions. We are also excited to cross-pollinate our social practices with an upcoming Meaning Maker intervention.

We celebrated Dada’s 100th anniversary with a poetry reading :
Nothing is Here, DaDa is its Name

Nothing is Here: Dada is its Name

Branner Spangenberg Gallery, Redwood City, California.
Curator: Michael Paulker.
Closing & Dada Performance: Sunday, May 1, 4pm.

23 Sandy Gallery, Portland, Oregon.
Curator: Laura Russell.
May 27 – July 30, 2016.

Wanderlust is a German word made from wandern which means walking and lust which translates as desire. We are showing CSI: Las Vegas in this exhibition.


Look Book Arts! at Healdsburg Center for the Arts

Healdsburg Center for the Arts, Healdsburg, California.
Curator: C.K.Itamura.
April 14 – May 22, 2016.
Closing Tea & Salon: Sunday, May 22, 2 – 4pm.

Home at Art Ark, San José


Opening Reception: Friday, May 6th, 6-9 pm.
Curator: Valerie Raps.

We are honored to participate in Valerie Raps last exhibition as curator of Art Ark. Her ten year tenure has launched Art Ark as an important San José art venue. Please come honor Valerie and her partner, Andrew Hedges, during the reception on May 6th.
Pictured is Kent’s Nest IVc.

April South First Fridays Art Walk in San José.

Al-Mutanabbi Street Starts Here!

March 5 – May 15, 2016
Museum of Contemporary Crafts & Multnomah County Library, both in Portland, Oregon.
Beau Beausoleil’s curatorial project which responds to the bombing of the booksellers’ street in Bagdad continues to inform, inspire and activate us.

Meaning Maker
We will be distributing our Control and U.S. Presidential Elections editions of Meaning Maker at: Open Engagement 2016 POWER, April 28 – May 1. This social practice conference is headquartered at the Oakland Museum of California and includes many additional sites throughout the Bay Area.

In early April, Nanette and Nora Raggio showed their book, The Future, in Space Jam at The Mission Creek Festival in Iowa City. Nanette is exhibiting in The Illustrated Accordion at The Kalamazoo Book Arts Center, Kalamazoo, Michigan, May 6 – 27.

YAY! Here’s cheers to all of the springy art abounding in our universe.

Deep February

Tuesday, February 9th, 2016

We are leaping heart deep in a cool bevy called art! and find that

The Future is here!

Nanette and Nora Raggio will perform a reading of their artists’ book:
The Future: an epistolary.


Date: Saturday, February 27, 3 – 5pm.
Location: somewhere on the mid peninsula

Space is limited:
Please R.S.V.P
 by Saturday, Feb. 20 to:

We will send you the exact location beforehand.

We are exhibiting in a small winter flurry of group exhibitions:

  • Lovers and Other Strangers, Branner Spangenberg Gallery, Redwood City, California. Curators: Martha Branner and Michael Paulker. Opening: February 14, 5 – 8pm. Closing February 28, 2- 4pm.
  • The Printed Page II, Abecedarian Gallery, Denver, Colorado. Juror: Sarah Carter.

Remembrance IV

  • Contemporary Book Arts, Geisel Library, Saint Anselm College, Manchester, New Hampshire. Curators: Kimberly Kersey Asbury and Alicia Bailey.
  • An Inventory of Al-Mutanabbi Street
    • Kaleider, Exeter, U.K.
    • George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia.
    • The Frank & Katrina Basile Gallery at the Herron School of Art and Design, The Herron Art Library of IUPUI University.

Early Fall Art Events

Monday, August 31st, 2015



We both have work in ELEMENTAL: Interpretations of Water, Earth, Air & Fire at:

Art Ark Gallery
September 4 – 19
1035 South Sixth Street, San Jose

Opening Reception: September 4, 6 – 9pm.
Part of South First Fridays Art Walk + Street Market

Artists’ Talks & Closing Reception: September 19, 11am – 1pm


North Fair Oaks Public Art
Kent’s recent public art project is up in four locations in North Fair Oaks, our home community.

Project information here.

North Fair Oaks Art Walk & Public Reception:
October 3, 10am – 12 noon
Reception Location: TBA

Book Arts Jam 2015 

Our imprint, Hunger Button Books, will be at this year’s Jam event, put on by the Bay Area Book Artists.

Lucie Stern Community Center
1305 Middlefield Road, Palo Alto, CA
October 17, 10am – 4pm

Summertime Notes

Friday, June 19th, 2015

A few sunny notes to launch the Summer Solstice and the season of warm growings.

Bookish_front_viewNanette is showing book related works with seven other artists:
Bookish at San Pablo Arts Gallery
June 20 – July 19
Reception: June 20, 1 – 3pm

Preserves, an audience participatory installation based on the question “What do you want to preserve?”was exhibited earlier this year at the Euphrat Museum. Images are available on our website.
Preserves at the Euphrat Museum

At the end of June Kent is transitioning from full time teaching at Foothill College (25 years) to full time studio at PreNeo Press!

We think this means that loads more art, salons, PreNeo Residencies, and general silly fun times are germinating in our many gardens.

We hope you will join us!

Chocolate Foodie Wishes for February 2015

Monday, February 2nd, 2015

We have been hungrily working on three new projects for Mooncakes, Churros, and Cherry Pie which opens today at the Euphrat Museum in Cupertino, California. It is feeling like we just ate a whole box of designer chocolate truffles.


February 2 – March 19
Reception: Febraury 18, 5:30 – 7:30 pm.
See the Museum website for the full schedule of events associated with this exhibition.

One of our new projects is a Meaning Maker: Food Edition. Download your copy from the Meaning Maker website.

Paul Davies‘ (Whirligig Interview, March 2013) opera, Carlota, will be performed Sunday, February 15th, at the Mexican Heritage Plaza in San Jose, CA.

The opera is directed by Daniel Helfgot with Barbara Day Turner conducting the ensemble. Soprano Christine Capsuto sings the title role of Carlota, Stephen Guggenheim, tenor, is Maximiliano, and mezzo-soprano Kayleigh Decker is Carlota’s handmaiden, Sara.

For ticket information Carlota Opera 2x

Winter Solstice Greetings

Saturday, December 20th, 2014

manske_knowledge_sequenceKnowledge by Kent Manske

On this longest night of 2014 we wish you an abundance of lightness.

The news on our front:

Kent and Nanette both have prints exhibiting in Absence and Presence: A Printmaking Response to the Bombing of Al-Mutanabbi Street at the San Francisco Center for the Book through January 25, 2015. Absence and Presence is a project of the Al-Mutanabbi Street Coalition.

Kent is engaged in a new public art project creating four entry signs for the North Fair Oaks area (Unicorporated San Mateo County between Atherton/Menlo Park and Redwood City) where we abide as PreNeo Press. The 10 foot tall metal figures will represent the people who live and work in the community. Here’s an article on redevelopment of Middlefield Road including a video interview of Kent in the studio: Identity in infrastructure: North Fair Oaks banks on road project to revitalize area

Undercurrents, a themed portfolio of original prints by fifteen Bay Area artists has recently been acquired by The Achenbach Foundation for Graphic Arts at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.

In early December Nanette gave a LASER talk (Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous) at U.C. Davis.

We welcome you to join us New Year’s Day for Open House at PreNeo Press in Redwood City, 1 – 6 pm.
• Soup on the Stove
• Cheer in the Air
• Art Project in the Studio

May your holidays be bright.

New Hungerbutton Publications and Exhibitions

Saturday, October 11th, 2014

Kent Manske: A SurveyPreNeo Press & Hungerbutton Books are artfully excited to bring you two new monographs:

Kent Manske: A Survey with an introduction by Drew de Arc.

A survey of artwork by our own printmaker and book artist Kent Manske, who processes the world through the creation of personal visual narratives and symbols. Full color. Paperback.

Diane Cassidy: Responding to aMuseDiane Cassidy: Responding to aMuse with an introduction by Jade Bradbury & interview by Nanette Wylde.

In this oeuvre, which spans thirty years of capturing the world as seen through the lens of photographer and maker of artists’ books, Diane Cassidy, she demonstrates a consistent vision sparked by humor, wit, intelligence, and a keen sensibility that makes us think, undermines our equilibrium and forces us to look at things from a different perspective. Full color. Paperback.

Kent & Nanette are both exhibiting in (This is Ourselves) Under Pressure! at 1890 Bryant Street Studios in San Francisco. This exhibition is in conjunction with Paper on the Press 2014 a conference co-hosted by The American Printing History Association, Friends of Dard Hunter, and The San Francisco Center for the Book. The exhibition was curated by Anne Beck.

Nanette is showing artists’ books, electronic flipbooks and in Book Art Art Book at the Crawford Campus Center Gallery, The Episcopal Academy, Newtown Square, Pennsylvania. This exhibition was curated by Susan Coote and runs through October.

Also showing through October is an exhibition curated by Nanette of books by Bay Area Book Artists at the Menlo Park Library in Menlo Park, California.

Southern Graphics Conference in the Bay Area

Monday, March 24th, 2014


There is a dizzying schedule of printmaking events and activities in the Bay Area this week associated with the Southern Graphics Council (SGCI) printmaking conference, March 25 – 29. Below are several opportunities to see our new work. For conference schedule visit Bridges SGCI Schedule.

We hope to see you.
Kent & Nanette


Undercurrents, a group portfolio Kent curated is exhibited at the Peninsula Museum of Art through June 8.
SGCI Reception: Thursday, March 27, 5-7 pm.
Public Reception: Sunday March 30, 1- 4 pm.

Artists: José Arenas, Servane Briand, Julia Bradshaw, Mike Day, Ema Harris-Sintamarian, Ianne Kjorlie, Eric Kneeland, Kent Manske, Robin McCloskey, Doug Minkler, Susan O’Malley, Fanny Retsek, Karen Rush, Nanette Wylde.

I Will Remember by Nanette Wylde. Whence by Kent Manske.

Awagami Paper Factory

Our new prints and books printed on Awagami paper will be shown at the conference Vendor and Publisher’s Fair.

terrain_3 passing
TerrainPassing by Kent Manske.

Wabi Sabi

Kent Manske & Eric Kneeland screen printed on the gallery wall during the Wabi Sabi opening reception March 15, 2014. The exhibition run through April 12th.
Alterspace Gallery, 1158 Howard Street (between 7th & 8th)
Thursday-Saturday 1-6 pm


Other Conference Events

The Mission Art Walk is a self-guided walk takes place Saturday evening, March 29, 2014, from 6 to 9 p.m. and includes 17 different venues, all featuring printmaking and works on paper. Here’s a pdf map.

Photo by Harlan Crowder.

Winter 2014 Activities

Saturday, February 15th, 2014


We have a few upcoming exhibitions:

Deep Reading
Euphrat Museum of Art
at DeAnza College
Cupertino, California
February 3 – March 20
Reception February 19, 5:30 – 7:30
Download Parking Pass

The Printed Page
Abecedarian Gallery
910 Santa Fe, Denver, Colorado
February 21 – April 5
Reception: February 21, 6-9pm

Wabi Sabi
Alterspace Gallery

Printmakers Kent Manske, PreNeo Press, and Eric Kneeland, Black Stamp, will orchestrate a loosely planned, instinctually derived, multi-layered, site-specific vertical screen print directly on the gallery wall during the Wabi Sabi opening reception. Reception attendees will be encouraged to influence the work’s evolution throughout the evening.

1158 Howard Street, San Francisco
March 15-April 12
Opening Reception: Saturday, March 15, 7-10pm
Closing Reception: Saturday, April 12, 2-5pm
Gallery hours: Thursday-Saturday 1-6pm

85 Years
Menlo College
1000 El Camino Real
Atherton, California
March 17, 2014 – July 11, 2014
Reception: March 26, 5-7 pm

Southern Graphics Council International Conference
Peninsula Museum of Art
1777 California Dr, Burlingame, California
Reception: TBA

We both are working on commissions for Awagami Paper (Japan) which will be exhibited by Awagami Paper at the upcoming
Southern Graphics Council International Conference
in San Francisco
March 26 – 29

Summer Doings

Wednesday, July 10th, 2013

Meaning Maker Logo We are launching a new Meaning Maker edition: Control, in the exhibition
Character Profile at Root Division
Curated by Jon Fischer
3175 17th Street at Van Ness
San Francisco
Exhibition Dates: July 10 – 27, 2013
Opening Reception: Saturday, July 13, 7 – 10p

We hope you can visit the exhibition, but if not you can visit the Meaning Maker website and download all of the Meaning Maker editions to experience in the privacy of your own home.


al-mutanabbi street invite front

Nanette’s book On Judgment: the book of bully created for An Inventory of Al-Mutanabbi Street will be exhibited in New York City at:
Columbia University Libraries
Butler Library

535 West 114th St.
July 16-September 21, 2013

This is an amazing project curated by Beau Beausoleil and Sarah Bodman. It involves 260+ artists and their responses to the bombing of Al-Mutanabbi Street, a historic location for booksellers, tea houses and the heart and soul of the Baghdad literary and intellectual community, in 2007.

This exhibition is traveling for the next few years and may come to a venue near you. You can also see images of most of the books on this project website:


amslNanette will be exhibiting a new augmented reality project, In Other Words, commissioned by TheatreWorks for their New Works Festival at Lucie Stern Theatre in Palo Alto, California, Aug. 10 – 18.

Nanette also co-curated a small exhibition of interactive online works in the Digital Humanities with festival director Tom Bruett.

More information is at the festival website.

Both Kent and Nanette are included in the upcoming 500 Handmade Books, Volume Two, Published by Lark Books and curated by Julie Chen. This book is due to be available in September.

Nanette’s online project: haikU is published in the Rio Grande Review Digital Edition, University of Texas at El Paso. Editors: Scott Rettberg, Leonardo Flores and Juan Pablo Plata.

Experience the Rio Grande Review.

In June, the Earth • Science • Art exhibition curated by Lisa Hochstein last year traveled to USGS headquarters in Reston, Virginia.

We are developing a web presence and network for Bay Area printmakers and print studios. We will provide you more info on this later. For now: Please email us contact information for Bay Area print artists and studios.

Autumn Art

Monday, October 1st, 2012

wylde Diverse Paths

Our current exhibitions and events.

Diverse Paths
Augmented Reality Installation
Public art commission for the Palo Alto Art Center
located on the Embarcadero Road lawn through December 8, 2012.

The Art Center is having its Grand Re-opening on October 6.
Funded by ArtHERE/ZERO1 San Jose.


Feminism and the Artist’s Book
In conjunction with Materializing “Six Years”: Lucy R. Lippard and the Emergence of Conceptual Art at The Brooklyn Museum

Central Booking
Brooklyn, New York
October 19-December 30, 2012
Reception: October 19, 6-8pm


Printmaking Center of New Jersey
August 18 – October 13, 2012


Book Arts Jam
We’ll be showing our newest book: Creative Sightseeing Investigation: NYC

Lucie Stern Community Center (new location)
1305 Middlefield Road, Palo Alto, CA
October 20, 2012, 10am – 4 pm
Bay Area Book Artists


The Art of Education: De Anza and Foothill Art Faculty/Staff Show
Euphrat Museum of Art
Cupertino, California
October 22 – December 7, 2012
Reception: Wednesday, Oct. 24, 5:30 – 7:30 p.m
Open Mon.-Thurs. 10 a.m. – 3 p.m.


X Libris
Root Division
3175 17th Street
San Francisco, California
Nov 7th – Dec 1st
Opening Reception: Saturday, November 10,  7 – 10pm
Closing Reception: Friday, November 30, 5 – 8pm


Seeing Silicon Valley
Augmented Reality Intervention
at fine cultural institutions in the downtown San Jose area
Available indefinitely.


PreNeo Press is celebrating 20 years of creative collaboration!

Earth • Science • Art

Wednesday, May 30th, 2012

Kent and Nanette are exhibiting new work in:

Earth • Science • Art
R. Blitzer Gallery
Santa Cruz, California.

earth • science • art/sixteen collaborative explorations is a project that pairs 16 artists from California’s Central Coast and the greater San Francisco Bay Area with 16 scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey’s Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, located in Santa Cruz, California.

Opening Reception:
Friday, June 1st, 5 – 9pm

Closing Reception:
Friday, July 6th, 5 – 9pm

Conceived and curated by Lisa Hochstein.

Open Studios & Current Exhibitions

Tuesday, May 15th, 2012

finder two by kentJoin us May 19 & 20 for an afternoon of hanging out and talking about art.

Silicon Valley Open Studios
We are site #27.
Hours: 11 – 5
33 Dexter in Redwood City

Current  & Upcoming Exhibitions:

Earth • Science • Art opens June 1 at R. Blitzer Gallery in Santa Cruz, California.

Nanette’s The Qi Project, which many of you participated in (thank you!), is published in the Spring 2012 edition of The New River,  a journal of digital writing and art out of Virginia Tech University.

Hello Catty! is showing at: Artists’ Book Cornucopia III, Abecedarian Gallery in Denver, Colorado thru June 2; and at the annual Altered Book fund raiser at Marin MOCA in Marin, California thru May 26.

If you are in or visiting Indiana, Nanette has a print in Man as Object: Reversing the Gaze at The Kinsey Institute Gallery located in Bloomington, Indiana thru June 29.

Image: Finder Two by Kent Manske.

DYAD at Art Ark Gallery

Tuesday, January 31st, 2012

Kent & Nanette will be showing new works in:


DYAD is a group show of thirty local artists who have chosen two pieces of their art to exhibit together as a unit. The theme of the show is intended to create an exhibition of paired works that suggest a dialogue or create a dynamic interaction; be it complimentary or opposite, attraction or repulsion or somewhere in between the works are attempting to engage each other as well as the viewer.

Curated by Valerie Raps

Reception: Friday, February 3rd from 6-9pm with live Classical Guitar by Gene Torchia. Gallery is open by appointment only.

Contact: Valerie Raps at

Art Ark Gallery, 1035 South 6th St, San Jose

Autumn Events

Sunday, September 25th, 2011

Between Us cover imageWe have a few things going on this season to share with you.

Book Arts Jam at Foothill College
Saturday October 15, 10 – 4
Nanette will be writing Poems on the Spot with Robert Perry as part of Spontaneous Word Combustion
Both Kent and Nanette will be showing book works in several of the Jam exhibitions, including a group showing of Focus Generator inspired projects.

Uncommon Threads
23 Sandy Gallery, Portland, Oregon.
September 23 – October 29

Encoded Structures: Interpreting the Story
Handmade & Bound, Watkins College of Art, Nashville, Tennessee
September 30 – October 31

15th Anniversary Exhibition
San Francisco Center for the Book, 16th at Deharo, San Francisco, California
through November

Man as Object: Reversing the Gaze
SOMArts Cultural Center, 934 Brannan Street, San Francisco.
November 4 – 26

The Asian Connection: Art in a Global Age
Asian Arts Gallery at Towson University, Towson, Maryland.
through November 5

Summer Reading

Tuesday, June 21st, 2011

Kent and Nanette are launching this summer with three exhibitions showing their artists’ books. Happy Summer reading!


Bibliophoria II
June 16 – July 23
Sebastopol Center for the Arts
6780 Depot St.
Sebastopol, California

BOOKWORKS, Pacific Center for the Book Arts’ Fourteenth Triennial
June 18  –  August 7
San Francisco Public Library
Main branch Skylight Gallery, 6th floor
100 Larkin Street at Grove
San Francisco, California

East for Art in a Global Age
September 8 – November 5
Asian Arts Gallery
Towson University
Towson, Maryland

New Year Events

Sunday, January 2nd, 2011

01doll-christopher3Gualala Arts presents Dolled Up, featuring the works of Signe Barrar, Elaine Benjamin, Matthew Christopher, Eileen McGarvey, Jane Reichhold, Shannon Shea, and Nanette Wylde.

In this exhibition artists push the limits of how we understand and think about the doll using installations, video and animation, portraits, books, narratives and unique doll objects.

The reception is Friday, January 7, 2011 from 5:00 to 7:00 p.m. The exhibition runs through January 30, 2011.

More info at: Gualala Art Center

While you’re in the stunning left coast towns of Northern California catch José Arenas’ book signing on Saturday, January 8 at the Phoenix Restaurant in Point Arena. 5:30 – 7ish pm.

José’s book,  A Little Piece of Happiness, was recently published by PreNeo Press’ Hunger Button Books .

Image: Matthew Christopher, Western 1:47

Meaning Maker at Roy C. Moore Art Gallery

Friday, August 20th, 2010

Meaning Maker Periodic Personal Evaluation edition is included in the exhibition Identity, August 19 to September 16; and Relationship to Nature edition is included in Wild Culture: Ecological Perspectives, September 23 to October 26. Both are at the Roy C. Moore Art Gallery on the Gainesville State College campus in Oakwood, Georgia.

Meaning Maker at The Schneider Museum of Art

Monday, May 17th, 2010


Meaning Maker American Citizenship Edition is included in the exhibition The Mythical State of Jefferson, May 6 to June 12 at the Schneider Museum of Art.

The Museum is on the Southern Oregon University Campus in Ashland, Oregon. The exhibition addresses a 1941 movement to create a new state, out of parts of Northern California and Southern Oregon, for the purpose of copper mining .